ISO 14001:2004

ISO 14001 is an Environmental Management Standard (EMS). It defines a set of environmental management requirements for environmental management systems. The purpose of this standard is to help all kinds of organizations to protect the environment, to prevent pollution, and to improve their overall environmental performance.

ISO 14001 certification provides an organization’s customers, suppliers, employees and other stakeholders with evidence of the operations commitment to environment protection.

Since it was first published in 1996, ISO 14001 has rapidly become the most important environmental standard in the world. Thousands of organizations use it, environmentalists support it, and governments actively encourage its use. ISO 14001 applies to all types of organizations. It doesn’t matter what size they are or what they do.

Benefits of ISO 14001

ISO 14001 drives protection of environment and help organizations:

  • Reduce costs and increase profit through reduced waste and energy, reuse and recycle through 3R concept.
  • Optimize use of resources (electrical, water and materials).
  • Increase competitiveness.
  • Reduce costs as a result of potential lower insurance rates.
  • Environmentally responsible and commitment to environment protection.
  • Cost saving through improved efficiency and productivity.
  • Boost company’s public image.

How to use ISO 14001

If you don’t already have an Environmental Management System (EMS), you can use this ISO 14001 standard to establish one. And once you’ve established your EMS, you can use it to manage the environmental aspects of your organization’s activities, products and services, and to improve its overall environmental performance. Environmental performance is all about how well you manage and control your environmental aspects and the impact they have on the environment.

You can also use this standard to demonstrate that you are doing everything you can to protect the environment and improve your environmental performance. You can demonstrate your organization’s commitment in several ways: -

  • You can simply announce to the world that your EMS complies with the ISO 14001 standard (if it actually does).
  • You can ask your customers or other interested parties to confirm that your EMS complies with the ISO 14001 standard.
  • You can ask an ISO 14001 registrar or external auditor to verify that your EMS complies with the ISO 14001 standard.

ISO 14001 expects organizations to comply with all of the requirements that make up the standard. No exceptions. According to ISO, every ISO 14001 requirement must be built into every EMS. However, the size and complexity of Environmental Management Systems vary quite a bit.

How far you go is up to you. The size and complexity of your EMS, the extent of your documentation, and the resources allocated to it will depend on many things. How you meet each of the ISO 14001 requirements, and to what extent, depends on many factors, including: -

  • The size of your organization.
  • The location of your organization.
  • The scope of your organization’s EMS.
  • The content of your environmental policy.
  • The nature of your activities, products, and services.
  • The environmental impact of your environmental aspects.
  • The legal and other requirements that must be met.

Your general approach

If you don’t already have an EMS, ISO 14001 suggests that you start with a review of your organization’s environmental status. Your environmental review should: -

  • Identify your organization’s environmental aspects. Study normal and abnormal operating conditions, as well as accidents, disasters, and emergency situations. Identify the environmental aspects associated with all operating conditions and situations.
  • Clarify the legal and other requirements that apply to your organization’s environmental aspects. Legal requirements include National and International as well as local and regional laws and regulations. Other requirements include agreements that have been established with governments, customers, community groups and others as well as commitments, guidelines, principles, or codes of practice that influence how your environmental aspects ought to be handled.
  • Examine your organization’s current environmental management policies, procedures, and practices. Pay special attention to your organization’s purchasing and contracting policies, procedures, and practices.
  • Define the scope of your EMS. When ISO 14001 asks you to define the scope of your EMS, it is asking you to define its boundary. You can choose to apply ISO 14001 to the entire organization or only to a specific operating unit or facility. Once you’ve made this decision, you’ve defined the scope or boundary of your EMS. Henceforth, all activities, products, and services that falls within this boundary must comply with the ISO 14001 standard.

Once you’ve considered the above factors, you can begin the development of your organization’s unique Environmental Management System.

But if you’ve already established an EMS and you simply need to update it to meet the new standard, you need to do a Gap Analysis. A Gap Analysis will compare your current EMS with ISO’s new ISO 14001 standard.

This comparison will pinpoint the areas that fall short of the standard (the gaps). Once you know where to focus your attention, you can begin to make the changes that are needed to comply with the new ISO 14001 standard.

What is HACCP/ISO 22000?

Management Systems such as HACCP when granted by an International Registration Body provides organizations with the basic management requirements assisting in the implementation of effective food safety and good practices (cGMPs) and demonstrating to others. HACCP is endorsed by the United Nations “Codex Alimentarius? USA FDA - USDA, European Union, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan etc.

We provide recognized ISO 22000 Certification Services in most competitive fee. ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements for a food safety management system. In this, an organization in the food chain needs to demonstrate its ability to control food safety hazards to ensure that food is safe at the time of human consumption and it can be accomplished through the use of internal and/or external resources. It enable an organization to plan, implement, operate, maintain and update a food safety management system aimed at providing products that, according to their intended use, are safe for the consumer. Also, to evaluate and assess customer requirements, we demonstrate conformity with those mutually agreed customer requirements that relate to food safety, in order to enhance customer satisfaction.

What is ISO 22000?

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed the ISO 22000 Food Safety Management Systems Standard. Officially called ISO 22000, Food Safety Management Systems - Requirements for any organization in the food chain, ISO 22000 is an international standard and defines the requirements of a Food Safety Management Systems covering all organisations in the food chain from “farm to fork? including catering and packaging companies.

There has been a continuous increase in consumer demand for safe food. This has led to the development of numerous food safety standards. The growing number of national standards for food safety management has led to confusion. Consequently, there is a need for international harmonization and ISO aims to meet this need with ISO 22000.

The standard combines generally recognized key elements to ensure food safety along the food chain including: interactive communication; system management; control of food safety hazards through pre-requisite programmers and HACCP plans; and continual improvement and updating of the management system.

ISO 22000 is intended to define the requirements for companies that desire to exceed the regulatory requirements for food safety.

Who should use the standard?

As food safety hazards may be introduced at any stages of the food chain, adequate control throughout the food chain is essential. Thus food safety is a joint responsibility that is principally assured through the combined efforts of all the parties participating in the food chain.

ISO 22000 may therefore apply to, and not be limited to: -

  • Primary food producers through to food manufacturers, including food processors
  • Retail and for service outlets
  • Feed producers
  • Transport operators and storage operators
  • Producers of equipment and packaging material
  • Producers of cleaning agents, additives and ingredients

Benefits to users

Benefits for organizations implementing ISO 22000 include: -

  • Resource optimization - internally and along the food chain
  • More efficient and dynamic food safety hazard control
  • All control measures subjected to hazard analysis
  • Better planning, less post process verification
  • Improved documentation
  • Saves resources by reducing overlapping system audits - how?
  • Systematic management of prerequisite programmers
  • Control focused on what is necessary
  • Widely applicable because it is focused on end results
  • Organized and targeted communication among trade partners (repeated below)
  • Valid basis for taking decisions
  • Increased due diligence
  • Dynamic communication on food safety issues with suppliers, customers, regulators and other interested parties
  • A systematic and proactive approach to identification of food safety hazards and development and implementation of control measures.

Further benefits include: -

  • Confidence that the organizations which are implementing the standard have the ability to identify and control food safety hazards
  • Provides a reference for the whole food chain
  • Contributes to a better understanding and further development of Codex HACCP
  • System approach, rather than product approach
  • Fills a gap between ISO 9001 and HACCP
  • Provides a framework for third party certification
  • Auditable standard with clear requirements
  • Suitable for regulators
  • Provides potential for harmonization of National standards.